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linux:dns (lu 6235 fois)

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linux:dns [04-03-2020 22:51]
edmc73
linux:dns [10-03-2020 16:50] (Version actuelle)
edmc73
Ligne 17: Ligne 17:
 Google propose un site web comme interface avec dig => https://toolbox.googleapps.com/apps/dig Google propose un site web comme interface avec dig => https://toolbox.googleapps.com/apps/dig
  
 +Commande de base, utilise votre config dns local
 +<code>
 +$ dig google.com
 +
 +; <<>> DiG 9.11.3-1ubuntu1.11-Ubuntu <<>> google.com
 +;; global options: +cmd
 +;; Got answer:
 +;; ->>HEADER<<- opcode: QUERY, status: NOERROR, id: 47060
 +;; flags: qr rd ra; QUERY: 1, ANSWER: 1, AUTHORITY: 0, ADDITIONAL: 1
 +
 +;; OPT PSEUDOSECTION:
 +; EDNS: version: 0, flags:; udp: 65494
 +;; QUESTION SECTION:
 +;google.com. IN A
 +
 +;; ANSWER SECTION:
 +google.com. 264 IN A 216.58.209.238
 +
 +;; Query time: 7 msec
 +;; SERVER: 127.0.0.53#53(127.0.0.53)
 +;; WHEN: Tue Mar 10 16:44:40 CET 2020
 +;; MSG SIZE  rcvd: 55
 +</code>
 +
 +Questionner un autre serveur DNS
 +<code>
 +$ dig google.com @8.8.8.8
 +
 +; <<>> DiG 9.11.3-1ubuntu1.11-Ubuntu <<>> google.com @8.8.8.8
 +;; global options: +cmd
 +;; Got answer:
 +;; ->>HEADER<<- opcode: QUERY, status: NOERROR, id: 26450
 +;; flags: qr rd ra; QUERY: 1, ANSWER: 1, AUTHORITY: 0, ADDITIONAL: 1
 +
 +;; OPT PSEUDOSECTION:
 +; EDNS: version: 0, flags:; udp: 512
 +;; QUESTION SECTION:
 +;google.com. IN A
 +
 +;; ANSWER SECTION:
 +google.com. 299 IN A 216.58.204.110
 +
 +;; Query time: 24 msec
 +;; SERVER: 8.8.8.8#53(8.8.8.8)
 +;; WHEN: Tue Mar 10 16:44:44 CET 2020
 +;; MSG SIZE  rcvd: 55
 +</code>
 +Consulter les NS
 +<code>
 +$ dig NS google.com
 +
 +; <<>> DiG 9.11.3-1ubuntu1.11-Ubuntu <<>> NS google.com
 +;; global options: +cmd
 +;; Got answer:
 +;; ->>HEADER<<- opcode: QUERY, status: NOERROR, id: 25987
 +;; flags: qr rd ra; QUERY: 1, ANSWER: 4, AUTHORITY: 0, ADDITIONAL: 1
 +
 +;; OPT PSEUDOSECTION:
 +; EDNS: version: 0, flags:; udp: 65494
 +;; QUESTION SECTION:
 +;google.com. IN NS
 +
 +;; ANSWER SECTION:
 +google.com. 14416 IN NS ns3.google.com.
 +google.com. 14416 IN NS ns4.google.com.
 +google.com. 14416 IN NS ns1.google.com.
 +google.com. 14416 IN NS ns2.google.com.
 +
 +;; Query time: 117 msec
 +;; SERVER: 127.0.0.53#53(127.0.0.53)
 +;; WHEN: Tue Mar 10 16:45:00 CET 2020
 +;; MSG SIZE  rcvd: 111
 +</code>
 +
 +Renvoie le PTR
 +<code>
 +$ dig -x google.com
 +
 +; <<>> DiG 9.11.3-1ubuntu1.11-Ubuntu <<>> -x google.com
 +;; global options: +cmd
 +;; Got answer:
 +;; ->>HEADER<<- opcode: QUERY, status: NXDOMAIN, id: 43376
 +;; flags: qr rd ra; QUERY: 1, ANSWER: 0, AUTHORITY: 0, ADDITIONAL: 1
 +
 +;; OPT PSEUDOSECTION:
 +; EDNS: version: 0, flags:; udp: 65494
 +;; QUESTION SECTION:
 +;com.google.in-addr.arpa. IN PTR
 +
 +;; Query time: 170 msec
 +;; SERVER: 127.0.0.53#53(127.0.0.53)
 +;; WHEN: Tue Mar 10 16:45:07 CET 2020
 +;; MSG SIZE  rcvd: 52
 +</code>
 +Renvoie tous les type de record enregistré dans le DNS
 +<code>
 +$ dig ANY google.com
 +
 +; <<>> DiG 9.11.3-1ubuntu1.11-Ubuntu <<>> ANY google.com
 +;; global options: +cmd
 +;; Got answer:
 +;; ->>HEADER<<- opcode: QUERY, status: NOERROR, id: 30603
 +;; flags: qr rd ra; QUERY: 1, ANSWER: 18, AUTHORITY: 0, ADDITIONAL: 1
 +
 +;; OPT PSEUDOSECTION:
 +; EDNS: version: 0, flags:; udp: 65494
 +;; QUESTION SECTION:
 +;google.com. IN ANY
 +
 +;; ANSWER SECTION:
 +google.com. 233 IN A 216.58.209.238
 +google.com. 14405 IN NS ns4.google.com.
 +google.com. 14405 IN NS ns1.google.com.
 +google.com. 14405 IN NS ns2.google.com.
 +google.com. 14405 IN NS ns3.google.com.
 +google.com. 59 IN SOA ns1.google.com. dns-admin.google.com. 299797304 900 900 1800 60
 +google.com. 599 IN MX 20 alt1.aspmx.l.google.com.
 +google.com. 599 IN MX 40 alt3.aspmx.l.google.com.
 +google.com. 599 IN MX 50 alt4.aspmx.l.google.com.
 +google.com. 599 IN MX 30 alt2.aspmx.l.google.com.
 +google.com. 599 IN MX 10 aspmx.l.google.com.
 +google.com. 299 IN TXT "docusign=1b0a6754-49b1-4db5-8540-d2c12664b289"
 +google.com. 299 IN TXT "v=spf1 include:_spf.google.com ~all"
 +google.com. 3599 IN TXT "globalsign-smime-dv=CDYX+XFHUw2wml6/Gb8+59BsH31KzUr6c1l2BPvqKX8="
 +google.com. 3599 IN TXT "facebook-domain-verification=22rm551cu4k0ab0bxsw536tlds4h95"
 +google.com. 299 IN TXT "docusign=05958488-4752-4ef2-95eb-aa7ba8a3bd0e"
 +google.com. 299 IN AAAA 2a00:1450:400c:c00::65
 +google.com. 21599 IN CAA 0 issue "pki.goog"
 +
 +;; Query time: 49 msec
 +;; SERVER: 127.0.0.53#53(127.0.0.53)
 +;; WHEN: Tue Mar 10 16:45:11 CET 2020
 +;; MSG SIZE  rcvd: 649
 +</code>
 +
 +Retourne le résultat dans un format court
 +<code>
 +$ dig MX google.com +short
 +10 aspmx.l.google.com.
 +30 alt2.aspmx.l.google.com.
 +50 alt4.aspmx.l.google.com.
 +40 alt3.aspmx.l.google.com.
 +20 alt1.aspmx.l.google.com.
 +</code>
linux/dns.txt · Dernière modification: 10-03-2020 16:50 de edmc73