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linux:mariadb (lu 32881 fois)

MariaDB

Après installation

# mysql_secure_installation

Pour autoriser à se connecter via adminer

t# mysql
Welcome to the MariaDB monitor.  Commands end with ; or \g.
Your MariaDB connection id is 18
Server version: 10.1.26-MariaDB-0+deb9u1 Debian 9.1

Copyright (c) 2000, 2017, Oracle, MariaDB Corporation Ab and others.

Type 'help;' or '\h' for help. Type '\c' to clear the current input statement.

MariaDB [(none)]> GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO root@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'mon_mot_de_passe';
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

Commandes

Voir la liste des users

mysql> select host,user from mysql.user;
+-----------+------------------+
| host      | user             |
+-----------+------------------+
| %         | toto             |
| 127.0.0.1 | root             |
| ::1       | root             |
| debian    | root             |
| localhost | api              |
| localhost | debian-sys-maint |
| localhost | root             |
+-----------+------------------+

Voir les privilèges

mysql> SELECT * FROM information_schema.user_privileges;
+--------------------------------+---------------+-------------------------+--------------+
| GRANTEE                        | TABLE_CATALOG | PRIVILEGE_TYPE          | IS_GRANTABLE |
+--------------------------------+---------------+-------------------------+--------------+
| 'root'@'localhost'             | def           | SELECT                  | YES          |
| 'root'@'localhost'             | def           | INSERT                  | YES          |
| 'root'@'localhost'             | def           | UPDATE                  | YES          |
| 'root'@'localhost'             | def           | DELETE                  | YES          |
| 'root'@'localhost'             | def           | CREATE                  | YES          |
| 'root'@'localhost'             | def           | DROP                    | YES          |
| 'root'@'localhost'             | def           | RELOAD                  | YES          |
| 'root'@'localhost'             | def           | SHUTDOWN                | YES          |
| 'root'@'localhost'             | def           | PROCESS                 | YES          |
...
mysql> show grants for 'root'@'localhost';
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| Grants for root@localhost                                                                                                              |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+
| GRANT ALL PRIVILEGES ON *.* TO 'root'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY PASSWORD '*XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXxxx' WITH GRANT OPTION |
| GRANT PROXY ON ''@'' TO 'root'@'localhost' WITH GRANT OPTION                                                                           |
+----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------+

Penser aussi à modifier le fichier /etc/mysql/debian.cnf en lettant à jour les 2 champs password

# Automatically generated for Debian scripts. DO NOT TOUCH!
[client]
host     = localhost
user     = root
password = XXXXXXXXXX
socket   = /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
[mysql_upgrade]
host     = localhost
user     = root
password = XXXXXXXXXX
socket   = /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock
basedir  = /usr

Ca permettra par exemple à logrotate de générer des erreurs du type

#007mysqladmin: connect to server at 'localhost' failed
error: 'Access denied for user 'root'@'localhost' (using password: NO)'
error: error running shared postrotate script for '/var/log/mysql/mysql.log /var/log/mysql/mysql-slow.log /var/log/mysql/mariadb-slow.log /var/log/mysql/error.log '

Vérifiez le bon fonctionnement avec la commande

# mysqladmin --defaults-file=/etc/mysql/debian.cnf processlist
+----------+-------------+-----------+----+---------+------+--------------------------+------------------+----------+
| Id       | User        | Host      | db | Command | Time | State                    | Info             | Progress |
+----------+-------------+-----------+----+---------+------+--------------------------+------------------+----------+
| 1        | system user |           |    | Daemon  |      | InnoDB purge coordinator |                  | 0.000    |
| 2        | system user |           |    | Daemon  |      | InnoDB purge worker      |                  | 0.000    |
| 3        | system user |           |    | Daemon  |      | InnoDB purge worker      |                  | 0.000    |
| 4        | system user |           |    | Daemon  |      | InnoDB purge worker      |                  | 0.000    |
| 5        | system user |           |    | Daemon  |      | InnoDB shutdown handler  |                  | 0.000    |
| 14507011 | root        | localhost |    | Query   | 0    | Init                     | show processlist | 0.000    |
+----------+-------------+-----------+----+---------+------+--------------------------+------------------+----------+

mot de passe root perdu

Si vous avez perdu votre mot de passe root, pas de panic

source: https://linuxize.com/post/how-to-reset-a-mysql-root-password/

Stoppez mysql ou mariadb

systemctl stop mysql

Démarrez mysql sans permissions (accès total à tout sans mot de passe !! ATTENTION !!)

mysqld_safe --skip-grant-tables &

Connectez vous à mysql

mysql -u root

Modifiez le mot de passe root

mysql> ALTER USER 'root'@'localhost' IDENTIFIED BY 'MY_NEW_PASSWORD';
mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

Si ça ne marche pas, essayez

mysql> UPDATE mysql.user SET authentication_string = PASSWORD('MY_NEW_PASSWORD')
mysql> WHERE User = 'root' AND Host = 'localhost';
mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

Pour les anciennes versions, essayez

mysql> SET PASSWORD FOR 'root'@'localhost' = PASSWORD('MY_NEW_PASSWORD');
mysql> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

Ensuite, quittez mysql et stoppez le via la commande

mysqladmin -u root -p shutdown

Démarrez ensuite mysql normalement

systemctl start mysql

ou

systemctl start mariadb

vérifiez que tout est ok

mysql -u root -p
linux/mariadb.txt · Dernière modification: 01-02-2021 22:26 de edmc73